KOKAND, city in Fergana district, Uzbekistan; before the 1917 Revolution, a county town in the Fergana province. There were a few Jews living in the town, which was formerly capital of the Kokand khanate, before its capture by the Russians in 1876. They engaged in dyeing and petty trade, and, as unbelievers, suffered from oppression by the Muslim rulers. After the Russian conquest, many Jews migrated from the emirate of bukhara to Kokand. They contributed to the development of the town and engaged in the cotton, wool, and silk trade. The community numbered 1,029 in 1897 (1.25% of the total population), and 2,000 before the outbreak of World War I. During the civil war in Russian Central Asia (1918), the rebel Uzbeks and Kazakhs rioted in Kokand, destroyed the community, and looted Jewish property. By 1926, only 746 Bukharan Jews remained in Kokand; their number reached 3,196 (4% of the total population) in 1939. In 1970 the Jewish population was estimated at about 1,500. Most left in the 1990s. One synagogue existed and the Jewish cemetery was well kept. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Z.L. Amitin-Shapiro, Ocherki sotsialisticheskogo stroitelstva sredi sredne-aziatskikh yevreyev (1933). (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kokand — usb.: Qoʻqon (Қўқон) Der Khanspalast in Kokand Basisdate …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kokand — Kokand, Khokend, turkestan. Khanat am mittlern Sihon (Jaxartes), begreift das Gebirgsland Ferghana, die Steppe und das wohlbewässerte fruchtbare Flußthal, wird auf 3600 QM. mit 1 Mill. E. geschätzt; die bedeutendsten Städte sind K. mit 60000,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Kokand — Infobox Settlement official name = Kokand native name = imagesize = 300px image caption = Khan s Palace image map caption = pushpin pushpin label position =bottom pushpin mapsize = 300 pushpin map caption =Location in Uzbekistan subdivision type …   Wikipedia

  • Kokand — /ko kand /; Russ. /ku kahnt /, n. a city in NE Uzbekistan, SE of Tashkent: formerly the center of a powerful khanate. 153,000. * * * ▪ Uzbekistan Uzbek  Qŭqon        city, eastern Uzbekistan. It lies in the western Fergana Valley, at road and… …   Universalium

  • Kokand — Palais du khan à Kokand (1863 1873) Kokand ou Kakand (en ouzbek : Qoqon ou Quqon), ville de la province de Ferghana en Ouzbékistan. Environ 200 000 habitants (2004). Gengis Khan fit de cette ville sa résidence principale, et Tamerlan y… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kokand — Entrada del palacio de Khudoyar Khan, construido en 1871. Kokand (también escrito como Khokand, Khokend, Kokan o Khoqand; del uzbeko Qo‘qon / Қўқон) es una ciudad de la provincia de Fergana en el occidente de Uzbekistán, en el límite suroriental… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kokand — Kokạnd,   usbekisch Quqon, Stadt im Gebiet Fergana, Usbekistan, im Ferganabecken, 177 000 Einwohner; Landeskundemuseum; Baumwollverarbeitung, chemische, Lebensmittelindustrie.   Geschichte:   Eine Vorgängersiedlung, im 10. Jahrhundert erstmals… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kokand — or Qŭqon geographical name 1. region & former khanate E Uzbekistan 2. city in Kokand region SE of Tashkent population 175,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kokand tenga — The tenga was the currency of Kokand until 1876. Silver tenga circulated with copper pul and gold tilla . There was no fixed relationship between the three denominations. The Russian ruble replaced the pul, tenga and tilla.References*numis cite… …   Wikipedia

  • Kokand — …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”